Lifestyle: Smoking affects bone health and results in a substantial loss of bone mass (bone mineral density) in women. Besides osteoporotic women who continue to smoke while on medication for osteoporosis, fail to achieve the full benefits of treatment. Women who consume excessive alcohol are also at risk for osteoporosis.
Other lifestyle factors that can lead to osteoporosis are:
• insufficient calcium intake,
• very minimal physical activity,
• excessive Caffeine intake,
• excessive alcohol intake and